WHAT IS ATRIAL FIBRILLATION?

Atrial fibrillation is an uncommon case where the heartbeat is not regular and can cause some heart conditions like heart failure, stroke, and many other heart complications.

When atrial fibrillation occurs, the heartbeat of the heart’s upper chambers becomes irregular. This can cause shortness of breath to the person and weakness.

Some cases of atrial fibrillation go away without treatment while some will require treatment before they go away.

SYMPTOMS OF ATRIAL FIBRILLATION: 

Due to lack of symptoms on some people suffering from atrial fibrillations, they are not aware that they have this condition until they are examined. However, it is different on some people and the following symptoms may appear:

  1. Dizziness
  2. Chest pain
  3. Weakness
  4. Short breath
  5. Inability to exercise or work for long
  6. lightheadedness
  7. Palpitation

Duration of atrial fibrillation can differ. It can be:

  1. OCCASIONAL: Symptoms come and go in this case, sometimes for a few minutes, sometimes for hours.
  2. PERSISTENT: When atrial fibrillation is persistent it will require treatment to go away. That is some medication must be administered before the heartbeat returns to normal.
  3. PERMANENT: In permanent atrial fibrillation, your heartbeat never returns to normal despite treatment.
    Medication will be required from time to time to help maintain a normal heartbeat.
    atrial fibillation
CAUSES OF ATRIAL FIBRILLATION:

It is caused when the upper chamber of the heart beats in an irregular manner. A sinus node is a group of cells responsible for triggering each heartbeat.

The sinus node sends a signal which triggers the heartbeat when the signal quivers, atrial fibrillation is caused.

This disruption in the signal can be as a result of some abnormal condition in the heart. Which includes:

  • Heart attacks
  • Abnormal heart valves
  • Lung disease
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Sleep apnea
  • Previous heart surgery
  • Intake of some substance like alcohol and tobacco.
  • Hereditary heart conditions.
  • Stress caused by illness and emotions.

People with certain heart conditions are at more risk of atrial fibrillation. Age and obesity increase the risk of atrial fibrillation. People with family history connected to this condition are at more risk too.

WAYS OF PREVENTING ATRIAL FIBRILLATION:

Since it is a condition of the heart, a healthy heart is what is needed to prevent this condition.

This will involve taking proper care of the heart. Some of the ways of taking proper care of the heart are:

  1. Eating Foods that are healthy to the heart:

    Foods like berries, garlic, green tea, tomatoes, leafy vegetables, and fish contain nutrients that help keep the heart healthy.

  2. Exercising regularly:

    Regularly exercise is not only good for the heart but the entire body. Maintain a steady timetable where you make time every week to exercise.

  3. Avoid smoking:

    Smoking is bad for the heart. It can cause serious heart complications that may also lead to atrial fibrillation.

  4. Watch your weight:

    Overweight is one of the major causes of heart diseases. Watch what you eat to maintain a normal weight.

  5. Avoid taking too much alcohol:

    Drinking excessive alcohol increases the blood pressure which is one of the major causes of heart attacks.

  6. Avoid being stressed up:

    Stress usually leads to an increase in the heartbeat which leaves your heart at risk.

  7. Avoid taking too much stimulant:

    Stimulant like caffeine does not go well with the heart and may cause an increase in the heartbeat which may lead to atrial fibrillation.

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