HEART ATTACK : CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND PREVENTION

An obstruction on one or more artery to the flow of blood to the heart causes a heart attack. This obstruction is sometimes caused by accumulated cholesterol, fat or other substances.

This obstruction usually forms a thick mass of any substance in the artery blocking blood’s path to the heart. This causes an interruption in the flow of blood to the heart and as a result, can damage some muscles in the heart.

Heart attacks can claim lives, looking for help whenever you think you have a heart attack should be done quickly. Delaying can be dangerous as most heart attacks leave the victims unconscious.

Heart Attack

CAUSES:

Coronary arteries are the arteries responsible for carrying blood to the heart, sometimes these arteries become narrow due to the accumulation of some of these substances (cholesterol, fat and other substances). This can distort a free flow of blood to the heart hence causing a heart attack.

When a heart attack occurs, a plague of cholesterol or fat can spill and get into the bloodstream. Then a blood clot is formed, if big enough can block totally the coronary artery stopping the flow of blood to the heart.

When total blockage of the artery occurs, it is called “ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). When partial blockage of the artery occurs it is called “non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTMI)”. This will determine the type of treatment administered to the patient.

Heart attack due to spasm is also one of the major causes of heart attacks especially to people using illicit drugs like cocaine.

Some factors leave some set of people at more risk of having heart attacks. Age also contribute to the chances of a person suffering heart attack. People living with obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, and cardiac arrest are also at increased risk.

SYMPTOMS OF HEART ATTACK:

Symptoms of a heart attack do not take long before the person’s condition deteriorates. Some of the symptoms include:

1) Fatigue

2) Nausea

3) Difficulty in breathing

4) Pains in the chest

5) Dizziness

6) Cold sweat

 

Of course, just like other health conditions, symptoms may vary from person to person or the symptoms might not be intense on some people.

Most heart attacks happen without much time between when the symptoms started and when the heart attack occurs.

A heart attack is a critical condition in the body since it can lead to loss of life. It is advisable to see a doctor as quickly as possible when you feel you’re having a heart attack.

READ ALSO: HEART DISEASE: Here are Foods That Are Good for The Heart

PREVENTION:

If you’ve never had a heart attack it is good that you try your best to make sure that it never happens. You can do this by embracing a healthy lifestyle that’s good for the heart. This can be done by avoiding smoking, and exercise regularly, take care of the street.

If you have any health condition that may lead to heart attack try to take care of it by getting medication from a doctor.

If you have had a heart attack before and you are on medication. It is good you keep following your doctor’s advice and prescription to avoid subsequent attacks.

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